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Personal, Social, Health and (Citizenship) Education

Introduction to PSHE


Personal, Social, Health and (Citizenship) Education (PHSE), aims to enable each student to develop into a healthy, well rounded and responsible adult. Through a wide variety of active learning styles, PSHE lessons encourage every student to participate fully and discuss, reflect on and form their own opinions and views.

The key aims are to:

  • Develop confidence and responsibility
  • Develop a healthy, safer lifestyle
  • Develop good relationships and respect the differences between people
  • Acquire knowledge and understanding about becoming informed citizens
  • Develop skills of enquiry and communication
  • Actively participate and take responsible action
  • PSHCE staff expect all pupils to:
  • Participate fully in every lesson
  • Respect the views of others
  • Listen to the views of others and form their own opinions
  • Be able to give reasons for their opinions
  • Be sensitive to the needs and lifestyles of others

PSHE & Citizenship lessons cover the recommended elements for PSHE and the statutory elements for Citizenship that are not covered elsewhere in the curriculum.

The course content is designed to enable students to become well rounded citizens who are able to make informed decisions and understand the world around them.

All years are taught weekly by their tutors.

In year 7 students will be taught about:

  • Transition to secondary school
  • Learning to learn and attitudes to learning
  • Personal and road safety
  • Self esteem and how to cope with media influences
  • Introduction to smoking and drugs
  • SRE: changing relationships, marriage, divorce, bereavement and peer pressure
  • Careers: Raising aspirations and equal opportunities

In year 8 students will be taught about:

  • Smoking and drugs
  • Strategies to learning
  • Financial literacy: Bank facilities, budgeting, saving and value for money
  • Refugees and travelling
  • Choosing and preparing for options
  • SRE: Physiological anatomy, sexual intercourse and consent, pregnancy and childbirth
  • Crime: Introduction to the criminal justice system
  • Mental health: Coping with mental health issues

In year 9 students will be taught about:

  • British values
  • Financial capabilities
  • Healthy eating
  • Bullying: cyber bullying and homophobic bullying
  • Cancer awareness
  • Drugs education
  • Informed career choice and employment skills

In year 10 students will be taught about:

  • Crime and perceptions
  • Anti social behaviour, knife crime and gang culture
  • Substance abuse, alcohol and legal highs
  • First aid
  • Homelessness
  • SRE: contraception, Sexually transmitted diseases, teenage pregnancy, HIV and AIDS
  • Domestic violence, arranged marriages, female genital mutilation, abortion

In year 11 students will be taught about:

  • Careers and personal statements
  • Exam revision, techniques and revision skills
  • Alcohol and drugs
  • Choices and consequences
  • Coping with stress


Sexual and relationship education (SRE):

In accordance with the guidelines surrounding SRE students are taught the following topics at each key stage:

Key Stage 3

Students will learn about anatomy, physiology, sexual intercourse, pregnancy and childbirth.

Specific topics include:

  • Puberty
  • Dealing with changes (emotional and physical)
  • Changing relationships (marriage, divorce and bereavement)
  • Reproduction and reproductive organs
  • Sexual intercourse and consent
  • Pregnancy and childbirth

Key Stage 4

Students will learn about anatomy and physiology in further detail, puberty and adolescence, sexually transmitted infections, and the social and emotional aspects of relationships.

Specific topics include:

  • Teenage Pregnancy
  • Sexually transmitted disease, HIV and Aids
  • Contraception
  • Domestic violence
  • Grooming
  • Contraception
  • Arranged marriages
  • Abortion
  • Female genital mutilation

Parents have the right to withdraw their children from all or part of the SRE provided at the academy except for those parts deemed as compulsory and included in the statutory National Curriculum[1].

If a parent wishes their child to be withdrawn from SRE lessons, they should put in writing which aspects of the programme they do not wish their child to participate in and send this to the academy addressed to the Head of PSHE. The academy always complies with the wishes of parents in this regard and will provide appropriate sources of information for parents who wish to withdraw their children.

If a parent withdraws their child from topics that are not included in the statutory National Curriculum then the academy will make alternative arrangements for the student.

Below are some example PHSE resources:

PHSE Learning Journey

Lesson 1 – Own & British Values

Lesson 1 – Smoking

Lesson 2 – Introducing the Law

Lesson 4 – Bullying